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News/Business. Daljit Dhaliwal. (2009) (CC) (Stereo)

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China 28, Denmark 8, United States 7, U.s. 7, Israel 6, Cna 3, Iran 3, Australia 3, North Korea 3, America 3, Shanghai 3, Obama 2, United State 2, Copenhagen 2, New York 2, Beijing 2, Morrow 2, U.s. China 2, Translato 1, Whatan 1,
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  WETA    Worldfocus    News/Business. Daljit  
   Dhaliwal.  (2009)  (CC) (Stereo)  

    November 16, 2009
    5:30 - 5:59pm EST  

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>>tonight on "worldfocus" -- during a vsit to china, president oba meets with students and spks out about what he calls uversal ights. thehinese limited access to his speech. we'll take you tisrael, to africand east timor, to show you how rapidly chinese influence is expanding around the wor. >> our "signature" stor is from denmark where e winds of ange brought more wind power and made plenty of dane ch. in australia nowlderly peoplehed tears for the childhd they never had. we'll tell you why. from t world's leading reporters and analys, here's what's happeng from around the world. this is "worldfocu"
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major support has be provided by rosalind p. wter and the peter g. peterson fountion, dedicad to promoting fiscal responbility and addressing key economic challengefacing america's future. anadditional funding is provided by the followin supporters -- hello and od evening. i'm daljit dhaliwal. president oma spoke openly and bluntly todaybout the benets of individual freedoms in a country known f severe restricting em. at country ischina. today the predent focused on e importance of e u.s./cna lationship in dealing with so of the biggest gbal issues, suc as climat change and economic development. but in his speech to a town hall stylemeeting of university students in shanghai obama ao
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talkedbout freedomsoften nied in china. >> we do not seek to impose any systemf government on any other nation. but we alsoon't believe that thr are unique to our nati. thesereedoms of epressionand worship, of access to informatn and political partipation, we believe are universal rights. they should be ailable to all people, iluding ethnicnd religious minority whether they are in the unitestates, china or any tion. but even as theresident called for access to inrmation, china was tightly controing it. the eting with a cafully screened group of students who were coached beforehand was not broadct live across the country, andwhile it was available two big national internet sites, it wa hard to hear. and on big website, the xinhua news agency tld people that the
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obamauñ÷ live, but th onhe screen apparentlyails to deliver on at promise. in tonight's"leadfocus," we take an in depth lo at the oba visit and its significance, beginng with the presidents day from melia chan of al jazra english. >> reporter: the psident is now inbeijing, but earlier in the day, was in shanghai r his town hall eting. it's the favorite format f the american esident, a conversation with the people, talking aut u.s./china relations. >> our world is now fuamentally interconnected. the jobs we do, the prosperity we build, the environment we prott, the security that we seek, all of the things are shared. and given that interconnection, power in t 21st centur is no longer a zero sumgame. one country's success need not co at the expense of another. that is why the united states
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insists we do not seek to contn china's rise. on the contrary, we welcome ina as a stron and prosperous and sucssful member o the community of nations. >> reporter: answering a qution on internet access ina -- >> unrestcted internet access a source ofrength, and i thinshould be encouraged. i think that the morereely formation flows, the stronger the society beces because tn citizens of countries around the world can hold their own governmes accountable. ey can begin tohink for themselves that generates new ideas. >> reporter: and disssing cooperation on climate change -- >> the united stat and china are th world's two larst emitters of greenhous ges, of carbon that is causing the planet to warm.
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so unls both of ou countries are willg to take critical steps in dealing with this issue, we wil not be able to resolve it. >> reporter: there's no down china d the u.s. wil be v to workogether on a variety of world problems, but don't expect any major announcements fro this visit. after shangi, the president nowin beijing endng his d with a sta leader with chinese leader predentu jintao. present obama is planning to have another mting with president hu jintao in addion to this dinner. he'll also meet with the prier. wejiabao. th is a trip to china and a trip to the forbden city and the great wall a also planned. lissa chan, al jazeera, beijing. just heard president obama's emphasion the u.s. and china working together on global issue, but china is also working very much in its own interests these days and is doing something w don't often see covere by american news organizations,
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becoming highly visible player on the world age. souch so that it is hard to ep up with the pacef china's acvity, as you are about to see in this report from steve chow of jazeera english. >> reporter: an opera house in israel may em like an unlikely place to challenge the u.s but it' here in a nation considered onef america' strongest allies thathina has lached what someall a cuural offensive. it spending millionson events like these to fce ties with countries that hav traditionall faved relationships with the west. lessons chinese culture used to involve opera and tradional dress. but as officials are keen to poinout, this is a publ retions exercise, to introduce the new china. a lot of people jt hve a very outdated information out
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china. they think that chinis very backward, very poor when actually china change a lot. >> reporr: and changed in a powerful way. the countrs navy is today actily involve in international effos to protect ips from pirates offhe coast of somalia. its soldiers have tak part in 16 of thelast 24u.n. peaceeping missions. and once a recipient of d, chinnow donates billis to poorer nations.'cñg(vxñ chinese a gernment office in east timor. when china first opened its dos to the outside wor in the early'80s deng xiaong as leader at the time urged the country keep its had down and focus development at home. and r a while that worked. but theation has since outgrown its borrs. in internationalrenas like the u.n. thesian giant is manding a great are say. its diomats this year ha open challenged e u.s. by
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blking american-led sanctions myanmar,north korea and iran. >> china right now is realizing that it has interests otside of china and needs start taking carof thosenterests on its own. >> reporter: those interests are primily about securing energy and raw materials. across africa, chinese-built sports stadiums stand as a symbol of the nation's deal making aid money in returns for the right to drill. pursuing selfnterest is nothing new for rising nations, t analys say in this case ere is cause for concern. >> there's one reason why we'd see it being ahreat because china has the polical model th it has at the moment. the world's topz-u ten economys the only one thas ao-party state. >> repter: a one-party sate intentn developingits litary might, which is proudly displayed as the country celebrated its 60th annirsary in october
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at $70 billion u.s. china now ranks second only the u.s. in military pending. still, authorities inst the world has thing to fear. >> translator: china follows the path of peacul development. in ternational afairs we wt to acts a positivend constructive player. >> reporter: but it is a pler increasingly sensitive abt territorand what's theirs. tensions are high over a disputedorder withindia. and earliethis year, chinese vessels boldly tried to block a u.s.hip suspecd of spying off ina's coast. it w in international waters. in tel aviv, the cultural event draws a record crowd, but china's ifluence and ambitis are only expected to grow, ere's little question the world is paying atteion. steve chow, al jaera. for more on presint
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obama's vit to china and s./china relation we're joined byamie metzl. he's the executi vice president the asia society here in new york. jamie, good to see you again, welcome back to the prram. >> thank y. pleasure to be here. >>et's talk about the prident's trip to china. it comes at aime that china is relishing its growing global importce, as we just wñ÷+÷ig in that story, as a matter fact. what does this mean f the united states? the united states and chi are nowrbgñ inextricablylinked. anything that the unid states nts to do in the internatiol arena, it nes chines engament and chinese support. the same is true for chin since our fates are tied togeth, the united states will have to ink differently about how it exercises its power and influence around the wld and china andhe united stes are going to have to bepartners. >> what'st the root of the mistrust? >> there's trustnd there's mistst. with the mistrust, there's t challenge th the united state is in some ways a stat quo powe the united state has been the
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guarantor of the internatnal system f 60 years. now china is erging more rapidly than anybody could have predicte andk:vjjáq very fact f china's rise is putting aerican dominance into serious question. so china is at a pnt where it's going to need to sayhat, yes, we'reart of the system that exists and here's how we' going support it or we have an alternateision of a world that's multipolar a here's how that world n address theseig oblems that we have. but the problem that we're seei today is that china is exerts iinfluence, but on issues like climate chae, like iran, like burma, china is not yet fully on brd with an international agea, and that's, i thnk, causing a lot of friction. >> you're saying it's not playing the rules as pax amer ra can na. >> it can be a pax si
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americana. it needs to bereplaced with something. if is replaced by nothing, we'll ve big problems. >> other than tra issues and e crency issu, where doe the united states -- give me me examples of how the united ates has used cna as a strategic partner. >> thenited states and kline new could be sategic parers in issues like clate change. there will be no deal in copenhagen or anywhere unless the united states d china come together a agree that those two countries are going to wo together to address gas -- greenhouse gas emissis in a way that ty can both coit to in a bindg way. in iran,f iran develops clear weapons, tre's going be, by all accounts, a nuclear arms ra in the middle east tt's going to harm everybody. but rig now the united states pushing witht the stáke%] support of chinand russia's been a little bit betternd other. so again -- >> yet, it is involved in the talks in north korea. is it not playing a very
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consuctive role politicay ere? >> and cna has play a positive rolin north korea, yet the north koans still have nuear weapons. so the question isyes, there needs to bmore osturing, more concerted fort, but at the end of the day, all e leading countries that will have t make comproming that will hurt themselves en in order promota common good. >> let's come back to the president's trip. did he stress the ise of ina's human rights abuses ough? >> we talk about it in tokyo, he talked about it in histown hall meeting in shanghai. there certaiy will be people o will be critical ofim for not yetentioning tibet and xinchong by ame. ether he's been outspoken engh on those particur ises we'll seehat hapns. but the president of the uted states is i a ve different position than past presidents because ina has a lot of cards. e united states has a lot of cards, too, buthe balance is
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much more en than is been the past. >> mie metzl, thank u very much foroining us. >> my great pleasure. >> walso want toknow what you thk. tonight's queson, given the importance of e cna/u.s. economic relationship, is the united states putting too much emphasisn human rights in china? you can tell ushat you thi by goingo the "how youee it" ge of our website, d that's at worfocus.org. new99fé concerns about iran nuclea programs were raised today in a repor by the united nation nuclear agency. it focuses on a uranium enrichment site thatran recently reveal that it was building. the agency said that athough an declared that construction started in 2007, it h evidence that the prect actually began in 2002. and it id it has told iran that the existce of the facility raisesquestions about whether iranas failed to declare otherecret nuclear
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facilities. th peacealks between israel and the palestinians in limbo, leads of the palestinian authory say that they willaunch a campaigno get internation backing for a lestinian state without a peacereaty with isrel and will then declare statehood in the we bank, the gaza strip anarab east jerusalem. it all seems aim at tting morepressure on israel to stop buildi jewish settlents. the palestinians are demandi a selement freeze as a condition for resuming talks with israel. but israeli primeinister benjamin netanyahu rejected the idea >> translato there is no substitute for negotiations between israel and the pastinians. any unilateral action would only unvel the framewo of agreements between s. can only lead to o sided steps on t part of rael. >> the way to reach peace is by solving the problem aroundhe negotiating table. >> the palestinians id that they are preparing to ask t
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uned nations security council to endorse a palestinian sate without israel consent, but the united stes would alst certainly ve such a proposal. at a global food summit today in me, delegat from almost 200countries rejected a unit nations callo provide $44 bilon a year to help farms in poor countries produce mo food. that would have been four times therevious commitment. the united tions says aout 1 billion people don't get enough to eat. that is 1 of every 6 people i theworld. ong those who address the coerence was pope benedict i. >> hunger is the mos cruel and concrete sign poverty.
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ulence and waste e no longer acceptle when the tragedof hunger is assing ever-greater proportions. one factor contributing to growing hunger is climate change, and there more to report on that issue tonight. over the weekend president obama and the leader o the asia pacific countries aeed thatt was unlikely that a treaty will be sned nextnth at a climate change conferce in penhagen, denmark. instead negotiator will try to reach a political reement on combating imate change as a fit step toward mandatin greenhouseas reductions. d those attending th conference in denmark next month, will ableget a fithand look at how to cut harmful emissions. one way, whh was pioneered denmark ng ago is wind power, which aounts for20 of its energy productn, and it is e subject of our "signature" story tonigh "worldfocus" special corresndent joh lson went
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to denmark to report on its green volution. tonighwe have the secondof his five stories, which we will brg you in the weeks before the copenhagen summi >> reporter: we've come to this windswep corner nmark to asa estion, whatan one danish art dealer, one danish farmer -- too good to tear down. >> reporter: -- and two pigs tells about how denmark became the world leader i renewable wind power? but first, think back to e opec oil embargo of the late 70s. >> that time weealized as a society that if you dot change our habits of being depeent on foreigoil, then we will major problem in our ecomy as we go forwar >>eporter: so the danish gornment began taxing o and subsizing alternative energy like wind. over t next 30 years in
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assembly plant les this one, the danish compy vestasrew fr a ndful of frnds to the largest windmillompany in the world, creing 30,000 new bs. welders, machinists painters and programmers. toet a sense of justow ady these times are fo vestas, we went straight to the top. >> it's a beautiful view from re. >> reporter:his married father of two used to be a volkswagen mechanic. >> it's a wonderful job. >> reporter: o his artner hans are not justorking on any windmill b the one the copenhag convention center. the one that will pow the entire global climate change summit by itself. >> now you kno you have t get that windmill fixedby the time they he the international conference here. >> yea that's problem. >> reporter: b the story of what nmark hasdone with its wind is notne sto of a giant
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corporation or goverent incentives. it's manystories. and most of thebegin and end wi people. >> i tink they're too good to ar down. >> rorter: remember the farmer? years ago a group of n approached this ma to lease his land for the windml. said the win was good. at wasn't really true. it was great. he borrowed and invested a million dolla and put th mill up himself. he's only climbedto the top threetimes. inact, he raly visits h mill >> the wind speeis here. >> reporter: becse he tracks its success on the web. evything from day wind speed and direcon to oilressure and profit. >> didn't thi i waseally smar but i just sawthat there was a possibility of makg some money. >> reporte how much money? well, he paid off his $1 million investment i three years.
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anyou don't have toater . >> no. >> reporter: or rtilize. >> youave to wait for it. >> reporte standing on henning's farm, yo can learn one of the mt important things about how denmark came t lead the world inindpower so there's no big corporatio that owns any of thi >> no. >> reporter: the mill righ behind henning i owned by a married couple. the one right bend that by e goodness ofisabled people. as the caretaker explained, it's a home for developmentally disabl adultsike heinrich he who raed sheep and th tw pig we mentioned. ey sellrganic produce t their neighrs, and live lives largely funded b the profits from their windmills >> theour generators you see on the horizon. >> reporter: andhe four on the horizon? well, that's where theart aler comes in. >>t was a kind of protest wh he started.
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>> reporter: back inhe early '80s hans mason had long hair and was carrying a protestsign. yes, that's righ >> rorter: sign that said ban the nukes in danish. >> yes we're a lite against that. >> reporter: the goverent wanted to bud a nuclear power plant here on that windswept coastline told you about. hans and his neighbors spped it. they form an association, raised money and built windmills instead. nine of them. hans is the association chairman. as chaman of the consortium now, how much is yr lary? >> i d't get any salary. >>eporter: nothing? >> no, never. >> reporter: it' all volunteer? >> it's all vonteers, yes, that's the ia of it >> reporter: 476 friends, neighbor investors all ening 12% per year on an investmenof 30 years. and at's the name of this cooperate? let's just call it ssv.
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what began as government policy became a world leading ndustry, driven as mu by everyday danish people as by the unlimited power directly or their heads. in denmark, john lson, for "worldcus." before we go, imagine children in ts country or ofs of those from brokenomes being sent t a far away land wi the promise of a better life only to find a far different experience, inuding forcedabor and abuse. th is precisely what ppened to group of 7,000 bitish children who were sent to australia between 1930 and 1970. today, for the firsttime, australia's governmeoffered them formal apology, as we
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hear nowrom rags martel of itn. >> reporter: they're kno as the forgotten austrians, shippefrom britain in their thoughts as childr, with a promisof a better life. but e reality was bruta many separated from their brothers and sisters, some falsely told their parents back home were dead, oers physically abuse >> we come togeer today to fer our nation's apolo. to say you, the forgotten australis, and those who were sent to our shores as children withouttheir consent, that we are sorry. soy that as children you were taken from your familiesnd placed in initutions where so often you were abused. sorry for the physical suffering, the emional starvation and te cold absence of love, of tenderness, of re. sorry for the tragedy, the
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absolute trady of childhoods lost. >> reporter: t childigrants ogram sent poor ildren to commwealth countries. more than 150,00 british bys and girls wereforced away on shs. most were alrey in state care and had been abandone by their pares. they were seen as good, white stock to popate the former colin s. many weremade to wk as child laborers. in t worst , the children were raped. john hawkins w separad from his ther for weeks aft she gave birth to him. he only knew heror six years. >> would take tscruelty and sagery to the grave with me. but at least if i cano -- i i can do somethingo save one child, jt one child going through thexperience weent throug i'd be very happy. >> rorter: there are many more stories ofhe forgotten auralians. thr pain at last official recognized.w2:%
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they wl ha to wait till the new year to get teir apology fr the british government. ar this monday. for more ne and perspective, be sure to checkut our website atworldfocus.org whe you're there drop us a comment about the prram. i'm daljit dhaliwal i new york. we'll see y back here morrow. we'll see y back here morrow. until th, good-bye. -- captions by vitac -- www.vitacom major support fo "worldfocus" has been provid by ralind p. walter and the peter g. petson foundation, dedicated to promotingiscal responsibilitynd addressing key ecomic challenges facing america's future. and additional funding i provided by the llowing supporters --
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